I’ve watched several of Sir Ken Robinson’s TED talks about education, [as have millions of others] which is why I chose to read his book ‘Out of our Minds: Learning to be Creative’. This version is the updated edition, published in 2011—”fully revised” from the bestselling 2001 version. I enjoyed the book, but a warning to readers, the title is misleading. I’m not sure what I expected, but likely I was looking for detailed ideas and strategies on how to foster creativity. Though the content was interesting, at times thought-provoking, the ‘learning to be creative’ part didn’t appear until chapter nine and ten, the last two of the book. However, there is powerful underlying message for readers, especially for educators and parents—an education that includes instruction [not just experience] in the humanities—music, art, history etc. is essential, as are opportunities for games, personal interaction, play time and discussion. Though the message is perhaps a bit different from Robinson’s intent for the book:
“My aims in this book are to help individuals to understand the depth of their creative abilities and why they might have doubted them; to encourage organizations to believe in their powers of innovation and to create the conditions where they will flourish; and to promote a creative revolution in education.” (Robinson, 2013, p xvi)
Readers are likely familiar with Sir Ken Robinson. He is most famous for his TED talks about education. He is also an author and educator, and considered an expert on creativity. In fact, he acquired his title of Sir in 2003 when he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his contributions to the arts in education. Robinson has done numerous talks related to K-12 schooling and creativity, and not all with TED. My personal favorite is the one on YouTube Changing Education Paradigms. It’s done with RSA Animate, [perhaps this is why I like it so much], and focuses on “three troubling trends: drop out rates, schools’ dwindling stake in the arts, and ADHD”. I highly recommend watching it if you haven’t already [it’s 11:41 minutes], though this is not his most popular. It’s the TED talk Ken Robinson says schools kill creativity from 2006 with 17,127,222 views that trumps all. This talk does touch on key points included in the book.
Robinson on Creativity
I looked forward to how Robinson would define creativity, and if he would describe for readers why we should be concerned about it. Creativity is closely linked to innovation, and innovation is a concept that our current culture places a high value on. Innovation and creativity are themes that many sectors appear preoccupied with—corporate organizations, the start-up community and education. Robinson follows this line of thinking, describing how creative thinking leads to generating new ideas and productivity (p 153). Robinson defines creativity as “the process of having original ideas that have value” (p 151) and that creativity is always about “doing” something. I don’t agree with his definition per se but more important is Robinson’s argument for a revamped approach to education, and the need for the integration of humanities in education.
In the first eight chapters of the book Robinson discusses creativity and education, or the lack thereof. He suggests our current education paradigm kills creativity in children, thus leading to a void in innovation and collaboration in workplaces. He describes the cause of the void as the “academic illusion”:
“As the pressures of education continue to intensify, many students are simply not learning the personal skills they need to deal with modern life and the increased pressures of continual assessment and being examined at every level” (p 78).
Chapter nine, Being a Creative Leader offers numerous strategies for leading a culture of innovation. Though the chapter is also applicable to leaders of organizations in a flux of change—it does provide coping strategies in addition to proactive strategies. Robinson says, “the task of the creative leader is to facilitate a resilient relationship between the external and internal cultures” (p 224). It is fitting advice for any leader, though especially for those heading an institution that is resisting innovation.
Chapter ten Learning to be Creative focuses on creativity in the education sector specifically. Robinson provides many examples of schools successful in creating a culture of creativity, and identifies the barriers to creativity. Though readers could be discouraged in some ways as the changes required to instill creativity, require a district, even state-wide shift in approach to K-12 education, i.e. assessment methods, curriculum standards. However there are several ideas individual educators can implement into the classroom; Robinson identifies [and describes] the three tasks of teaching for creativity: encouraging, identifying and fostering (p 269).
A good book overall, and a thoughtful read emphasizing the [dire] need for including arts instruction in education. If you don’t have time to read it, I’d suggest watching the TED talk Ken Robinson says schools kill creativity which encapsulates key concepts in twenty minutes.
- 10 Ways to Teach Innovation, MindShift
- 20+ Ways to Help Students Be Innovative, Educational Technology & Mobile Learning
- How and Why to Teach Innovation in Our Schools, Laura Devaney, eSchool News
- At Retooled Summer Schools, Creativity, Not Just Catch-up, NYT
- Educating the Next Steve Jobs, Tony Wagner, WSJ